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GEN / APA Citation Style: Journals

Journal citations

Journals from the library's databases are cited just liked printed journals. Include the full URL only for open access journals that do not require personal or library subscription.

Basic form of journal citation

Author, A. A., & Author B. B. (Year). Title of the article: Subtitle of the article. Title of Journal, volume(issue), page numbers. DOI or URL of open access journal

Author's last (or family) name, followed by first and middle names in initials. Use a comma between author's names and an "&" before the last author's name. 

Year of publication in brackets.

Capitalize only the first words in title and subtitle, as well as proper nouns.

Journal title is in italics. Use uppercase for important words in the title.

Volume is in italics, issue number is in brackets, followed by page numbers. There is no space between the volume and issue. Omit information about the volume, issue or page number if they are not available.

Include the digital object identifier (DOI) if it is available. For open access journals, include the URL. If you know that the URL will most likely break or change in a few months, use the homepage URL. If not, provide the full URL for the webpage. 

Examples of journal citations

Journal article with DOI

Craig. C.A., & Petrun Sayers, E. L. (2019). Building clean energy support with young millennials in the United States. The Electricity Journal, 32(1), 18–24.


Journal article without DOI

Guinta, M. R. (2018). Social media and adolescent health. Pediatric Nursing, 44(4), 196201.


Many online journal articles have DOI, which is a unique number assigned to digital objects. Use CTRL + F  keys on your keyboard to search the journal article for "DOI". It is usually indicated on the first page of the PDF.

Citing a table or chart from an article?

Refer to the Tables & Figures section over at the Images page, here!